Sources for The ‘Smart Road’ Scam

Prologue

iii Because of this proclivity: "Gingrich Tried to Reign In Ally On Big Spending for Highways," New York Times, Sept. 18, 1997, http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9E00EED91038F93BA2575AC0A961958260

iii Not surprisingly: "King of the Roads," National Journal, Sept. 23, 2000, http://www.accessmylibrary.com/coms2/summary_0286-28442587_ITM

iii Because traffic is so light: "Unchecked pork-barrel ethics pave road to hell," Electronic Engineering Times, October 23, 2000, http://www.eetimes.com/op/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=18304813

iii The Bud Shuster Highway received: "CNN Highlights Retired Republican Congressman’s Pork in Anti-Earmark Segment," CNN, August 8, 2007, http://newsbusters.org/blogs/matthew-balan/2007/08/08/cnn-highlights-retired-republican-congressman-s-pork-anti-earmark-seg

iv In 1998, his former Chief : "Lobbyist Prospers as Charges Loom," Washington Post, April 10, 1999, http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/politics/special/highway/stories/eppard041099.htm

iv In both 1996: Letter dated September 5, 1996 to the House Ethics Committee entitled "RE: Ethics Complaint Against Representative Bud Shuster and Call for Investigation into Possible Violations of Criminal Law and House Rules," http://www.congressproject.org/ethics/shuster.html

iv In both 1996 and 2000: Letter dated October 16, 2000 to the House Ethics Committee entitled "RE: Request to Re-Open the Ethics Investigation of Representative E. G. "Bud" Shuster," http://www.congressproject.org/ethics/shusethlet2000.html

iv In October 2000: "Congressman Draws Rebuke But No Penalty," New York Times, October 6, 2000, http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9501EEDA173CF935A35753C1A9669C8B63

iv She’d walk back home: "‘60 Minutes’ report takes aim at Pennsylvania congressman," CNN.com, October 16, 2000, http://archives.cnn.com/2000/ALLPOLITICS/stories/10/16/shuster.ethics.ap/index.html

v In recent years: "A bridge to Nowhere," Salon.com, August 9, 2005, http://dir.salon.com/story/news/feature/2005/08/09/bridges/

v In fact, his leadership: "Don Young Embodies What’s Wrong With the GOP," Wall Street Journal, June 6, 2008, http://online.wsj.com/article/SB121270989481150353.html?mod=opinion_main_commentaries

vi However, the way: "Justice asked to probe Young earmark," Anchorage Daily News, April 18, 2008, http://www.adn.com/front/story/379679.html

vi Young was already under: "Paper reports Young’s Veco ties investigated in federal probe," Anchorage Daily News, July 25, 2007, http://dwb.adn.com/news/politics/fbi/story/9162143p-9077780c.html

vi He also serves: "Norman Mineta, Former U.S. Secretary of Transportation and U.S. Secretary of Commerce, Joins AECOM Board of Directors," AECOM press release, June 11, 2007, http://pr.aecom.com/phoenix.zhtml?c=211994&p=irol-newsArticle&ID=1013591&highlight=

vi Mr. Mineta never gave: "Mineta to quit as Transportation Secretary," New York Times, June 23, 2006, http://www.nytimes.com/2006/06/23/washington/23cnd-mineta.html

vii From 1995 through: "Smart Highways – as states work to make highways less congested and costly, integrators find new profit opportunities," Washington Technology, July 11, 1996, http://www.washingtontechnology.com/print/11_7/10111-1.html

vii That situation: The Public I – an Investigative Report of the Center for Public Integrity, June 2001, http://www.publicintegrity.org/assets/pdf/pi_2001_06.pdf

vii He unexpectedly announced: "No. 2 Homeland Security Official Resigns," CBS News/AP, Sept. 24, 2007, http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2007/09/24/national/main3291619.shtml

vii Mr. Jackson announced: A copy of that letter is online at: http://www.itsonline.com/pogo_dhs_comm/pogo_dhs_foia_aug24_07.doc

vii In that role: From Mr. Jackson’s official biography at http://www.whitehouse.gov/government/m_jackson-bio.html

viii In this role: From a bio of Mr. Collins at http://www.netcaucus.org/events/2001/wp/

ix While a conservative: For more on the Hatch-Waxman Act see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hatch-Waxman_Act

ix While a conservative: Sens. Hatch and Reid Push for Thorium Nuclear Fuel Cycle (Hatch press release), Oct. 2, 2008, http://hatch.senate.gov/public/index.cfm?FuseAction=PressReleases.Detail&PressRelease_id=bf8479e9-1b78-be3e-e031-1635aee6efa9&Month=10&Year=2008

ix As befitting a: Website for the Antitrust Subcommittee: http://judiciary.senate.gov/about/subcommittees/antitrust.cfm

x Now companies will: "Federal Highway Legislation Creates Competitive Bidding Process for Traffic Data Collection: Traffic.com Loses Monopoly," July 29, 2005 press release from Cong. Anthony Weiner, http://www.house.gov/list/press/ny09_weiner/052907traffic.html

x An interesting subnote: See Stewart’s political donations record on "Newsmeat" at: http://www.newsmeat.com/celebrity_political_donations/Jon_Stewart.php

Chapter 1

1 While I directly: FHWA Office of Operations website: http://www.ops.fhwa.dot.gov

1 While I directly: JPO’s website: http://www.its.dot.gov

2 In June, 1997: "Trouble in Lobby: Kassoff Zapped at ITS America," tollroadsnews.com, April 26, 1997, http://www.tollroadsnews.com/node/2019

3 I had registered: "Newt Gingrich on Intelligent Transportation Systems," as reprinted in Government Technology, May 1, 1995, http://www.govtech.com/gt/95914?id=&story_pg=1

3 (Later that year: See: http://www.time.com/time/covers/0,16641,19951225,00.html

4 In mid-2002 I: Traffic.com has changed its name several times over the years, earlier names including Argus Networks and Mobility Technologies. To avoid confusion, I will usually refer to the company simply as Traffic.com.

4 Dr. Costantino, a "control freak": "Trouble at Trade Group: Intell-moniker and Firing Create Tensions," tollroadsnews.com, June 28, 1997, http://www.tollroadsnews.com/node/1880

5 Almost at the same time: "Mobility Technologies will Partner with Chicago and Dallas to Deploy Intelligent Transportation System," Traffic.com press release, Jan. 7, 2002, http://web.archive.org/web/20051215153345/http://corporate.traffic.com/press/january_07_2002.html

6 One of those individuals: Not his real name, but similar phonetically.

7 While kicking around: Not her real name, but similar phonetically.

Chapter 2

9 I’d always thought: "Carl Bernstein Laments U.S.’s ‘idiot Culture’," MSNBC.com, Nov. 2, 2007, http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/21595196/

11 I was clearly: More information here: http://www.saturnreturn.net

14 Traffic.com’s contract: By "contract," John Collins was really referring to the June 2002 Task Order that the FHWA signed with Traffic.com. Events preceding that signing, I would later discover, would add a big new piece to the puzzle.

17 A nearly full collection: "Don C. Hoefler – Coined the term ‘Silicon Valley,’" April 1986 Smithsonian obituary, http://smithsonianchips.si.edu/schreiner/hoefler.htm

18 But Traffic.com President: Jannetta is just one (of many) of Cong. Shuster’s connections to Traffic.com. Years before he started Traffic.com he was the two-time mayor of Altoona, PA, the largest city in Congressman Shuster’s old district.

19 Last I checked: "HW" in this context stands for "highway" as in "highway bill," the big transportation authorization bill that Congress passes every seven years or so.

19 Steve Lockwood: I would soon find out that Dr. Johnson’s "reassignment" had occurred because she saw through the Traffic.com scam and balked at signing the FHWA’s Task Order with Traffic.com that expanded the program from 2 to 27 cities.

21 It suggests why: "PPP" in this context stands for "public-private partnerships"

21 I was talking to: MTC refers to the Metropolitan Transportation Commission in the San Francisco Bay Area, a "metropolitan planning organization" that is also a long-time leader among public agencies in providing traveler information.

Chapter 4

34 During one evening stroll: Conrad’s picture available online at: http://www.streetsense.org/vendors.jsp

35 Several weeks later: "Shelf Life," Washington Post Sunday Magazine, July 31, 2005, http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/07/26/AR2005072601841.html

37 That weekend, I read: A reprint of Prof. Chapman’s editorial is online at: http://www.utexas.edu/lbj/news/summer2005/chapman_africa.html

38 In September: "Uganda’s Leader Beats Drum on AIDS," Washington Post, September 30, 2005, http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/09/29/AR2005092902225.html

38 He said he did: When I pulled these documents out of my suit jacket pocket and began to hand them to President Museveni, a number of hands of grabbed my wrist, preventing me from giving these documents to him. Afterward I realized that these hands belonged to security people—perhaps both Ugandan and U.S. It turns out that heads of state can get killed if certain deadly powders are sprinkled on paper documents, something that never occurred to me.

Chapter 5

44 So I did a Google: RE: Ethics Complaint Against Representative Bud Shuster and Call for Investigation into Possible Violations of Criminal Law and House Rules, Sept. 5, 1996, http://www.congressproject.org/ethics/shuster.html

45 Four Years Later: "Congressman Draws Rebuke but No Penalty," Oct. 6, 2000, New York Times, http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9501EEDA173CF935A35753C1A9669C8B63

45 A Major Part of the Complaint: Lobbyist Prospers as Charges Loom, April 10, 1999, Washington Post, http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/politics/special/highway/stories/eppard041099.htm

45 Less than two weeks later Ruskin: Request to Re-Open the Ethics Investigation of Representative E. G. "Bud" Shuster, Oct. 16, 2000, http://www.congressproject.org/ethics/shusethlet2000.html

46 While Murtha is best known: "Lobbying allegations cloud Murtha’s bid for House majority leader," Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Nov. 16, 2006, http://www.post-gazette.com/pg/06320/738810-84.stm

46 While Murtha is best known: "Trading Votes for Pork Across the House Aisle," New York Times, Oct. 2, 2006, http://www.nytimes.com/2006/10/02/washington/02murtha.html?_r=1&scp=3&sq=%22Jack%20Murtha%22%20brother&st=cse&oref=slogin

46 In that role, he: Meet Congress’ "‘King of Pork," CBS Evening News, April 4, 2008, http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2008/04/04/assignment_america/main3994689.shtml

46 While the conservative magazine: "Murky Jack Murtha," The American Spectator, February 2, 2006, http://www.spectator.org/dsp_article.asp?art_id=9359

46 Shortly after the November: "Ms. Pelosi and Mr. Payoff," New York Post, Nov. 16, 2006, http://www.nypost.com/seven/11162006/postopinion/editorials/ms__pelosi__mr__payoff_editorials_.htm

46 CREW currently lists Murtha: Beyond Delay, Citizens for Ethics and Responsibility in Washington, http://www.beyonddelay.org/summaries/murtha.php

47 Just after the election: Murtha: Ethics Reform "Total Crap," Paul Blumenthal, Sunlight Foundation blog, Nov. 15, 2006, http://blog.sunlightfoundation.com/2006/11/15/murtha-ethics-reform-total-crap/

47 A report in the Washington Post: "Easy Street: the Bud Shuster Interchange," Washington Post, April 5, 1998, http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/politics/special/highway/stories/hwy040598a.htm

47 According to a report on CNN: "‘60 Minutes’ report takes aim at Pennsylvania congressman," CNN, Oct. 16, 2000, http://archives.cnn.com/2000/ALLPOLITICS/stories/10/16/shuster.ethics.ap/index.html

48 Interestingly, Congressman Shuster: "Pennsylvania Rep. Shuster Retiring," Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, http://www.ble.org/pr/archive/headline010501a.html

48 From further Google searches: Lobbying report is online at: http://www.opensecrets.org/lobby/clientsum.php?lname=Traffic.com&year=2001

51 While it provided the starting point: Renamed the Transportation Technology Innovation and Demonstration (TTID) program in 2005 in the big "SAFETEA-LU" transportation authorization bill

51 The lead story in: Available on the web at: http://www.itsonline.com/trfc/articles/insideITS_jan15_01.doc

52 With the support of Shuster: "‘Monopoly’ Continues for Pa. Company," The Hill, June 26, 2007, http://www.itsonline.com/trfc/articles/Monopoly_continues_for_Pa_company.pdf

52 With the support of Shuster: FY01 Transportation Appropriations bill available online at: http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=106_cong_public_laws&docid=f:publ346.106

52 However, the story in the January: "Traffic.com claim to $50 million ITS earmark raises questions," Inside ITS, January 15, 2001, http://www.itsonline.com/trfc/articles/insideITS_jan15_01.doc

54 "We have determined: Available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/trfc/letters/fhwa_letter_feb20_01.pdf

54 So the company worked with: FY02 appropriations bill language available online at: http://www.asm.org/ASM/files/LEFTMARGINHEADERLIST/DOWNLOADFILENAME/0000000568/HR3338127[1].pdf

55 In a letter to then Chairman: Available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/trfc/letters/mineta_feb5_02.pdf

55 On June 20, 2002: Available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/trfc/contracts_agreements/Procurement_Request.pdf

55 In a 1987 article: "Veto Perils Altoona Dream of Economy Comeback," New York Times, March 31, 1987, http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9B0DEFDC153CF932A05750C0A961948260&sec=&spon=&pagewant ed=1

55 Jack Schenendorf, the Chief: Mr. Schenendorf’s bio is located here: http://www.transportationfortomorrow.org/about/bio_schenendorf.aspx

55 Mr. Schenendorf" law firm: Traffic.com’s IPO offering document is online at: http://www.secinfo.com/dVut2.vKq.a.htm

55 Cong. Shuster’s son, Robert L. Shuster: Robert L. Shuster’s bio is located here: http://www.buchananingersoll.com/professionals.php?PeopleID=463

56 While I was unable to find records: Mr. Shuster’s 2006 lobbyist disclosure online at: http://www.itsonline.com/trfc_lobbyists/shuster_robt_2006.pdf

56 A Google search: The lease arrangement was described in this SEC filing: http://www.secinfo.com/dVut2.zWXa.g.htm

56 As recently as January 2008: Mr. Shuster’s 2008 lobbyist disclosure online at: http://www.itsonline.com/trfc_lobbyists/shuster_robt_2008.pdf

56 Mr. Nober, who according to: "The Business of Government Hour," Oct. 29, 2003, http://www.businessofgovernment.org/main/interviews/bios/roger_nober_frt.asp

56 This jigsaw puzzle was undoubtedly: Former Cong. Bud Shuster’s photo is online at: http://www.tfhrc.gov/pubrds/novdec01/images/bud001d.jpg

Chapter 6

57 While religion and computers: Pictures of our trip, including several of these "revival meetings," are available here: http://www.kodakgallery.com/Slideshow.jsp?Uc=qnyzl03.vaeu13n&Uy=ox4gs8&Upost_signin=Slideshow.jsp%3Fmode%3Dfromshare&Ux=0&mode=fromshare&conn_speed=1

63 Nelligan would leave his position: These positions are shown in Jeff Nelligan’s "Linked-In" Internet page, http://www.linkedin.com/pub/4/765/827

64 I would later learn that: "Nigerian link led to FBI raid in corruption case," International Herald Tribune, June 8, 2006, http://www.iht.com/articles/2006/06/07/news/raid.php

67 On Friday, June 23: "Transportation Secretary Mineta Resigns," CNN.com, June 23, 2006, http://www.cnn.com/2006/POLITICS/06/23/mineta.resigns/index.html

67 While his resignation: "Prediction: USDOT Secretary of Transportation Mineta Will Resign," Buda Rabblerouser blog, April 10, 2006, http://budarabble.blogspot.com/search?q=low+public+approval

67 I immediately posted: "Mineta Resigns," Buda Rabblerouser blog, June 23, 2006, http://budarabble.blogspot.com/search?q=CNN+that+Norman+Mineta

67 Neither Mr. Mineta nor: "Transportation Secretary Mineta Resigning," Associated Press (via National Public Radio), June 23, 2006, http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=5506710

67 He also was clearly not: "Added Clout Sought for Lobbying Effort," Washington Post, August 29, 2007, http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/08/28/AR2007082801326.html

67 He also was clearly not: "Secretary Mineta Testifies in Favor of Rail," April 17, 2008, KHON2-TV (Honolulu), http://www.khon2.com/home/ticker/17837824.html

67 The afternoon of June 23: Not his real name, which I have changed to protect his identity.

69 No telling what the recent: "The 2006 Pulitzer Prize Winners," http://www.pulitzer.org/citation/2006,Investigative+Reporting

Chapter 7

71 Hatch has long been a strong: More information about Sen. Hatch’s role with the Antitrust Subcommittee is here: http://judiciary.senate.gov/subcommittees/110/antitrust110.cfm

73 In fact, Senator Hatch: Press release, "Hatch Puts the Brakes on Traffic.com," July 29, 2005, http://hatch.senate.gov/public/index.cfm?FuseAction=PressReleases.Detail&PressRelease_id=9e462118-bfaa-428b-952a-d6512ea9f9c7&Month=7&Year=2005

73 On the House side: Press release, "Federal Highway Legislation Creates Competitive Bidding Process for Traffic Data Collection: Traffic.com Loses Monony," July 29, 2005, http://www.house.gov/list/press/ny09_weiner/052907traffic.html

74 Back in mid-2002: "Close of an Era: Joint Program Office in Transition with Departure of Johnson," IV Source, May 19, 2002, http://ivsource.net/archivep/2002/may/020519_JPOJohnson.html

75 "I know that you have: Google Finance thread available online at: http://finance.google.com/group/google.finance.704040/browse_thread/thread/ce3bb04cbccc570f

80 By the way, a few weeks ago: Not his real name, which has been changed to protect his identity

83 On June 20, 2002, shortly: Available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/ttid/Procurement%20Request.pdf

83 He would later receive: Mr. Paniati’s official bio is available online at: http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/exdir.htm

84 In April 2008, President Bush: "New FHWA executive director," Roads & Bridges, April 11, 2008, http://www.roadsbridges.com/New-FHWA-executive-director-NewsPiece15683

Chapter 8

86 Much to my surprise and: Copy of that letter is available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/ttid_letters/fitzgerald_letter_sep26_06.pdf

98 Therefore, I was quite surprised: Available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/ttid_fbi/fbi_anderson_jul23_07.pdf

98 On October 27, 2007, just over: "Embattled Attorney General Resigns," New York Times, August 27, 2007, http://www.nytimes.com/2007/08/27/washington/27cnd-gonzales.html

Chapter 9

101 I went to the USDOT Inspector General’s: Gen. Scovel’s bio is online at: http://www.oig.dot.gov/about.jsp

101 Because of Mike’s past failure: The OIG’s hotline is online at: http://www.oig.dot.gov/Hotline

106 The diagram in the "data lock scheme": This white paper is online at online at: http://www.itsonline.com/ttid/datalock_scheme.pdf

106 Interestingly, months later: Diagram is on page 3 of this presentation: http://appnew.outreach.psu.edu/programs/tesc2006/presentations/1B_Collins.pdf

108 On July 23, 2007, Michael: Mr. Anderson’s letter to me is available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/ttid_fbi/fbi_anderson_jul23_07.pdf

Chapter 10

111 I know from your press release: "Hatch Put the Brakes on Traffic.com," July 29, 2005, http://hatch.senate.gov/public/index.cfm?FuseAction=PressReleases.Detail&PressRelease_id=9e462118-bfaa-428b-952a-d6512ea9f9c7&Month=7&Year=2005

111 Some of that information: Letter available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/trfc/hatch_letter_jan23_07.pdf

112 In fact. Cong. Young: Cong. Young’s congressional statement available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/trfc/donyoung_jul29_05.pdf

112 I had written a new white paper: White paper available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/ttid/mineta_disclosures_analysis.doc

113 Echoing that sentiment: "The Scariest Guy in Washington," Time, November 27, 2006, http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1562974,00.html

115 I went through all of the inconsistencies: White paper available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/ttid/mineta_disclosures_analysis.doc

117 The Library of Congress’ excellent: Thomas available online at: http://www.thomas.gov/home/nomis.html

117 However, only the latter listing: Hearing transcript available on the web at: http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=107_senate_hearings&docid=f:92791.pdf

117 Just prior to that hearing: The last page of this letter, which is the source for the quotations, is included as the last page (page 17) of Mr. Mineta’s "New Entrant" Public Financial Disclosure Report dated Jan. 23, 2001 and available online from the Center for Public Integrity here: http://pfds.opensecrets.org/N00001701_2000.pdf

119 According to the U.S. Department: "Mineta Sworn in as 14th U.S. Transportation Secretary," Public Roads, Jan/Feb 2001, http://www.tfhrc.gov/pubrds/janfeb01/along.htm

120 During preparations for my trip: Dan Zwerdling’s bio is online at: http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=4173096

120 With that strong recommendation: Ridgeway’s bio on Wikipedia is online at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Ridgeway

121 Ten months after our meeting: "Hogging the Road," Mother Jones (online edition), Nov. 1, 2007, http://www.motherjones.com/washington_dispatch/2007/11/hogging-the-road.html

121 He had just co-authored a story: "The Highwaymen," Mother Jones, Jan./Feb. 2207, http://www.motherjones.com/news/feature/2007/01/highwaymen.html

Chapter 11

124 Mr. Collins was Senior Vice President: This reference shows that affiliation: http://epw.senate.gov/105th/collins.htm

124 Mr. Collins was Senior Vice President: Jackson’s official government biography here: http://www.whitehouse.gov/government/m_jackson-bio.html

124 While the ITIP earmark language: "Traffic.com claim to $50 million ITS earmark raises questions," Inside ITS newsletter, Jan. 15, 2001, http://www.itsonline.com/trfc/articles/insideITS_jan15_01.doc

124 I would later find a quotation: "Master Persuader will Run the Leading Business Lobby," New York Times, June 24, 1997, http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9B04E2DB1631F937A15755C0A961958260&scp=1&sq=%22Master+Persuader+Will+Run%22&st=nyt

125 Mr. Holman was a registered lobbyist: Lobbyist registration available online here: http://www.itsonline.com/trfc_lobbyists/holman_2001.pdf

125 Mr. Holman was a registered lobbyist: Lobbyist registration available online here: http://www.itsonline.com/trfc_lobbyists/holman_2005.pdf

125 In between those stints: "Gov. Ridge Names Deputy Director for Homeland Security" (Press Release), October 29, 2001, http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2001/10/20011029-6.html

126 Traffic.com President David Janetta: "Congress Requested to Create National ‘Infostructure’ Program for ITS, Homeland Security" (press release on BusinessWire), Sept. 11, 2002, http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Congress+Requested+to+Create+National+'Infostructure'+Program+For...-a091323176

126 The organization’s co-founder and: Ken Boehm’s bio is online at: http://www.nlpc.org/about.asp?view=boehm

126 Further, their code of ethics: Available online at: http://www.nlpc.org/view.asp?action=viewArticle&aid=210

126 Further, their code of ethics: A good bio of Sen. Paul Douglas is on Wikipedia at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Douglas

127 Based on his painstaking research: "NLPC Complaint Alleges Ranking House Ethics Committee Member Hid Assets and Funded Business Partner’s Groups with Millions in Earmarks" (Press Release), April 7, 2006, http://www.nlpc.org/view.asp?action=viewArticle&aid=1346

128 Cong. Mollohan would shortly: "Democrat Leaves Ethics Panel," Washington Post, April 22, 2006, http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/04/21/AR2006042101376.html

128 A Justice Department Investigation: "Audit questions Canaan Valley Institute grant spending," Charleston Daily Mail, May 21, 2008, http://www.dailymail.com/News/statenews/200805210305

133 Mr. Mineta was confirmed: Listing of "Secretaries" and their tenures, from the U.S. Dept. of Commerce’s website at: http://www.commerce.gov/About_Us/Secretaries/index.htm

133 Interestingly, Mr. Mineta actually: "Trimble Aligns Resources to Exploit Key Strategic Markets" (News Release), August 23, 2000, http://www.trimble.com/news/release.aspx?id=082300a

134 Years earlier I had perused: See an example here: http://www.secform4.com

134 However, the oldest electronically available: The actual search results are online at: http://www.sec.gov/cgi-bin/browse-edgar?action=getcompany&CIK=0000864749&type=&dateb=&owner=only&start=300&count=100

Chapter 12

137 The Act had been enacted: More information on the Ethics in Goverment Act is available at: http://www.answers.com/topic/ethics-in-government-act

138 Using the range of stock prices: http://investor.trimble.com/stocklookup.cfm

138 Using the range of stock prices: I would later write four separate white papers detailing my analysis of Mr. Mineta’s stock options transaction. This one goes into detail about his potential maximum profit: http://www.itsonline.com/mineta/mineta_disclosures_signif_may3_07.pdf

138 That figure assumed: Trimble had a 2:1 stock split after I originally performed this calculation, so the figures on the Historical Stock Lookup page need to be doubled for an apples-to-apples analysis.

141 On January 17, 2007, POGO: Letter available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/ttid_letters/pogo_oge_foia.doc

141* On February 12, 2007, William E. Gressman: Letter available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/mineta/oge_foia_response.pdf

145 Shelton: "I destroy them.": Wikipedia entry for "Pogo (comic strip character)": http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pogo_(comics)#.22We_have_met_the_enemy.....22

Chapter 13

149 So on March 12, 2007, Scott: FOIA appeal letter available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/ttid_letters/pogo_oge_appeal.pdf

150 On April 7, 2007, Ms. Glynn: FOIA appeal response letter available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/ttid_letters/oge_foia_appeal_response.pdf

155 The website for the non-profit: CRP’s website address: http://www.opensecrets.org/about/index.php

156 As one might expect: Web page for Mr. Mineta’s disclosures: http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/candlook.php?txtName=MIneta

158 I thought that this was all so funny: Blog posting at: http://budarabble.blogspot.com/search?q=%22Will+You+Take+This+One%3F%22

159 I posted an item on my: Blog posting at: http://budarabble.blogspot.com/search?q=%22Some+Good+News+for+the+Truth%22

Chapter 14

162 According to my analysis: "Significance of Mr. Mineta’s Financial Disclosures in 1999-2000" (white paper), http://www.itsonline.com/mineta/mineta_disclosures_signif_may3_07.pdf

162 On page 4 of Schedule A: Mr. Mineta’s Commerce New Entrant financial disclosure is available from the Center for Responsive Politics at: http://pfds.opensecrets.org/N00001701_2000_Nom.pdf

162 However, on that very day: "Further Insight from Mr. Mineta’s Commerce ‘New Entrant’ Financial Disclosure in 2000" (white paper): http://www.itsonline.com/mineta/mineta_commerce_disclosure.doc

162 In searching through Trimble: Trimble’s SEC filing for the "C. Trimble Nonstatutory Stock Option Plan" is available online here: http://investor.trimble.com/secfiling.cfm?filingID=1056359-01-500015

167 In early 2007 I called Fred: Not his real first name, which I have changed because he remains with the FHWA and continues to be a good inside source of information.

168 According to a statement to a congressional: Statement on Reauthorization of the Federal Surface Transportation Research Program Before the Committee on Environment and Public Works, United States Senate, March 15, 2002, http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/reauthorization/rmrt10.htm

168 In fact, former Federal Communications: Hatfield’s 2002 report to the FCC is available online at: http://www.locatemodelcities.org/library/HatfieldReport.pdf

169 In December 2007 I would: Not his real name, to protect his identity. The quotes attributed to George and me are taken verbatim from a recording of our conversation.

170 USDOT’s report about the: "DOT Releases Report Assessing Vulnerability Of Transportation Infrastructure Relying on Global Positioning System" (USDOT Press Release), Sept. 10, 2001, http://www.navcen.uscg.gov/gps/geninfo/pressrelease.htm

170 USDOT’s plans to expand: "DOT, Defense set plan to expand use of GPS," Government Computer News, April 15, 2002, http://www.gcn.com/print/21_8/18414-1.html

170 Reports of the USDOT’s efforts: "GPS and Galileo Reach Signal Agreement," GPS World, May 1, 2004, http://www.gpsworld.com/gpsworld/article/articleDetail.jsp?id=86656

172 Until, that is, I happened: Not his real name, to protect his privacy and his business.

172 I would connect with Louie: Also not his real name, for the same reasons as above.

173 It turns out that a major: http://www.ntia.doc.gov/aboutntia/aboutntia.htm

174 In fact, the Department of Commerce: Capitol Coalition’s report is accessible at: http://www.opensecrets.org/lobby/client_reports.php?year=2000&lname=Trimble+Navigation

174 A footnote to the Executive Summary: "Assessment of Compatibility between Ultra Wideband Devices and Selected Federal Systems," January 2001, http://www.ntia.doc.gov/osmhome/reports/uwb/uwb.pdf

175 In early January 2002 the publication RCR: "DoD Attempts to Thwart UWB Plans," RCR Wireless News, Jan. 7, 2002, http://aerorfi.org/articles.html?id=29

175 A report a few days later in: "FCC Plans February Ruling on Ultrawideband Devices," Telecommunications Reports/Wireless, Jan. 11, 2002, http://www.tr.com/newsletters/trwn/wir011102.pdf

175 That was the same Charles Trimble: Trimble’s CEO Steve Berglund – Charles Trimble’s successor – is listed second on a panel to discuss "transportation needs of Silicon Valley" in a June 2000 seminar with then USDOT Transportation Secretary Rodney Slater, see: http://transweb.sjsu.edu/mtiportal/research/publications/summary/f0002.html

175 * I summarized my findings: "More on the Mineta/Trimble Connection: Mr. Mineta’s Activities as both Commerce Secretary and Transportation Secretary Related to Ultra Wide Band (UWB) Technology" (white paper), July 10, 2007, http://www.itsonline.com/mineta/mineta_uwb_jul10_07.doc

Chapter 15

177 Jim Ridgeway’s November: Available online at: http://www.motherjones.com/washington_dispatch/2007/11/hogging-the-road.html

177 The lead story in the October: Available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/trfc/articles/urban_tx_mon_oct26_07.pdf

177 Multiple stories in The Hill: First reference available online at: http://thehill.com/business--lobby/monopoly-continues-for-pa.-company-says-hatch-2007-06-26.html

177 Multiple stories in The Hill: Second reference available online at: http://thehill.com/the-executive/weiner-calls-for-hearings-ig-probe-on-traffic-program-2007-10-19.html

177 "New Federally Funded Road: Available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/trfc/articles/New_Federally_Funded_cox_aug17_07.pdf

177 A terrific Op-Ed piece: Available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/trfc/articles/sensors_and_insensibility_ajc.pdf

179 I came upon their "Good Government: Hall of Fame online at: http://www.pogo.org/halloffame/

180 His experiences in doing so: "The Man Who Knew Too Much," Vanity Fair, May 1996, http://www.mariebrenner.com/PDF/TheManWhoKnewTooMuch.pdf

182 Lying in my bed watching: Dr. Wigand’s personal website is at:http://www.jeffreywigand.com

184 Bergman, Mike Wallace’s long-time: Prof. Bergman’s bio is on the web here: http://journalism.berkeley.edu/faculty/bergman/

184 Bergman, Mike Wallace’s long-time: Frontline’s website is at:http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/

184 Bergman, Mike Wallace’s long-time: CIR’s website is at: http://centerforinvestigativereporting.org

184 Bergman, Mike Wallace’s long-time: Propublica’s website is at: http://www.propublica.org

Chapter 16

188 Coincidentally, Smith had been: http://ethics.house.gov/Media/PDF/Press%20Statement%20Shusterend.pdf

188 In a piece he wrote for the Baltimore Sun: "Enabling Corruption" by Gary Ruskin, originally published in the Baltimore Sun, Jan. 7, 2005, and reprinted in the CommonDreams.org news center, http://www.commondreams.org/views05/0107-29.htm

191 On January 27, 2007, Senator Hatch: Available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/trfc/hatch_letter_jan23_07.pdf

194 A week or so later in searching: Announcement available online at: http://www.allbusiness.com/services/business-services/3973862-1.html

195 Finally, on May 29, Rep. Doggett: Letter available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/ttid_letters/doggett_letter_may29_07.pdf

198 * On June 14, a little over a week later: Letter available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/ttid_letters/doggett_email_jun_14_07.pdf

Chapter 17

202 A relatively new watchdog organization: Complete list of projects that the Sunlight Foundation supports is available online at: http://sunlightfoundation.com/projects/

202 PublicMarkup.org: Available online at:http://publicmarkup.org

202 Where Are They Now?: Available online at:http://wherearetheynow.sunlightprojects.org

202 Earmark Watch: Available online at: http://earmarkwatch.org

202 Party Time!: Available online at: http://www.politicalpartytime.org

204 On the afternoon of January 23: Ms. Miller’s bio available online at: http://www.sunlightfoundation.com/people/emiller/

206 Here’s his bio from: Bill Allison’s bio available online at: http://www.sunlightfoundation.com/people/ballison/

206 The USDOT backed away: "DOT Curbs ITOP Buys," Federal Computer Week, June 10, 2002, http://www.fcw.com/print/8_22/news/76905-1.html

207 After reviewing the background: Available online at: http://blog.sunlightfoundation.com/2007/02/09/tracking-contractors-and-lobbyists-and-a/

207 His piece highlighted the role: The Hill piece available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/trfc/articles/monopoly_money_apr20_05.pdf

208 The USDOT’s initial (March 9: Letter available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/ttid_foia/sunlight_FOIA_response_mar9_07.pdf

208 Bill soon sent off substantially: GSA FOIA request available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/ttid_foia/sunlight_gsaFOIA_mar21_07.doc

209 According to a report by the U.S.: "U.S. Dept. of Transportation Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Report, Fiscal Year 2006," http://www.dot.gov/foia/reports/2006annualreport.htm#secxii

210 The Sunlight Foundation’s FOIA: Appeal letter available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/ttid_foia/sunlight_FOIA_Appeal_apr6_07.doc

212 On February 29, 2007: Available online at: https://www.fbo.gov/index?tab=core&s=opportunity&mode=form&id=a8d1144a468c7f74a9b2bda7e0ccaf3a

213 Bill posted a synopsis of the issue: Blog posting available online at: http://realtime.sunlightprojects.org/2007/07/09/fhwa-discouraging-foia-requests-from-potential-contractors/

215 Bill was so astounded by that response: Blog posting available online at: http://realtime.sunlightprojects.org/2007/07/09/sf-lll-update-not-for-public-inspection/

216 On September 11, 2007, the FHWA: Announcement available online at: https://www.fbo.gov/index?s=opportunity&mode=form&id=012fefba1e4ab23d956e97e325727346&tab=core&_cview=0

217 In early 2008, the FHWA: Available on the web at: http://ops.fhwa.dot.gov/travelinfo/ttidprogram/ttidprogram.htm

Chapter 18

219 The Commission’s role as "the primary: From the agency’s description of "What We Do" at: http://www.sec.gov/about/whatwedo.shtml

219 It would turn out: "Senate report blasts SEC Enron oversight," USA Today, Oct. 6, 2002, http://www.usatoday.com/money/industries/banking/2002-10-06-sec_x.htm

219 In October 7, 2002 statement: Financial Oversight of Enron: The SEC and Private Sector Watchdogs, Oct. 7, 2002, Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, http://hsgac.senate.gov/public/index.cfm?Fuseaction=PressReleases.View&PressRelease_id=c27bc628-bf89-4656-a0cc-9bb828f3fd36&Affiliation=R

220 Aguirre’s story, by three time: "S.E.C. Is Reported to Be Examining a Big Hedge Fund," New York Times, June 23, 2006, http://www.nytimes.com/2006/06/23/business/23fund.html

221 Aguirre had sent an 18-page: Aguirre’s letter available online at: http://www.faulkingtruth.com/Files/aguirre_congress0623.pdf

222 According to the New York Times story: "Report Says S.E.C. Erred on Pequot," New York Times, August 4, 2007, http://www.nytimes.com/2007/08/04/business/04pequot.html?scp=2&sq=Aguirre%20Mack&st=cse

223 On October 5, 2008, perhaps one: "Impartiality of S.E.C. is Questioned," New York Times, October 6, 2008, http://www.nytimes.com/2008/10/07/business/07pequot.html?scp=4&sq=Bogdanich&st=nyt

223 In November 2008, Aguirre: Website address: http://www.aguirrelawfirm.com/

224 This allegation was supported: The indictment is available online at: http://graphics8.nytimes.com/packages/pdf/washington/20080729stevensindictment.pdf?scp=3&sq=%22Ted%20Stevens%22%20indicted&st=cse

224 On August 1, 2005, Traffic.com: Available from BusinessWire here: http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0EIN/is_/ai_n14938855

224 It would subsequently amend: "Traffic.com Completes Public Offering," BusinessWire, Feb. 28, 2006, http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0EIN/is_/ai_n26775287

224 Yet Traffic.com’s huge (228 page): Jan. 20, 2006 amended version available online at: http://www.secinfo.com/dVut2.vKq.htm

225 Here’s an example: From the bottom of page F-33 of this particularly S-1 disclosure: http://bioportfolio.brand.edgar-online.com/EFX_dll/EDGARpro.dll?FetchFilingHTML1?ID=4112500&SessionID=C4aiWWfPE61chm7

225 Could it have been Michael P.: "Lawmaker seeks more detail on DHS deputy secretary resignation," Federal Times, October 2, 2007, http://www.federaltimes.com/index.php?S=3079658

225 Could it have been Michael P.: FOIA request Available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/pogo_dhs_comm/pogo_dhs_foia_aug24_07.doc

225 Associated with the company’s S-1: Available online at: http://www.secinfo.com/dVut2.zWXa.c.htm#1stPage

228 The attached writeup would summarize: Available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/ttid_letters/questions_for_the_sec_sep12_06.doc

229 On Nov. 6, 2006, I would send: Complaint guidance available online at: http://www.sec.gov/complaint.shtml

231 According to a July 22, 2006: "Silicon Valley Firms Scrutinized on Stock Option Policies," New York Times, July 22, 2006, http://www.nytimes.com/2006/07/22/business/22options.html?_r=2&oref=slogin&oref=login

231 A follow-on article in the New York Times: "Ex-Brocade Chief Convicted in Backdating Case," New York Times, August 8, 2007, http://www.nytimes.com/2007/08/08/business/08brocade.html

232 In fact, Mr. Goodrich has served: Mr. Goodrich’s bio is online at: http://www.trimble.com/jgoodrich.shtml

232 In digging around Wilson Sonsini’s: Mr. Kopel’s bio is online at: http://www.wsgr.com/WSGR/DBIndex.aspx?SectionName=attorneys/bios/283.htm

233 On July 11, 2007 I would send: White paper available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/mineta/mineta_uwb_jul10_07.doc

234 On March 18, 2008 I would: All four white papers related to Mr. Mineta’s ethics problem are online at: http://www.itsonline.com/ethics/

235 I knew very little about Cox: "President Names Cox as New SEC Chair," Washington Post, June 3, 2005, http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/06/02/AR2005060200641.html

236 In a letter dated February 25, 2008: SEC’s letter available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/ttid_letters/sec_feb25_08.pdf

239 "I was just the boy who cried wolf,": "Madoff Misled SEC in ’06, Got Off," Wall Street Journal, December 18, 2008, http://online.wsj.com/article/SB122956182184616625.html?mod=special_page_campaign2008_mostpop

Chapter 19

240 Armed with that appreciation: For more details of the data-lock scheme, see this white paper: http://www.itsonline.com/ttid/datalock_scheme.pdf

241 Here’s an excerpt from a 2003 press release: "Illinois Tollway Partners With Mobility Technologies To Help Chicago-Area Motorists Improve Travel Plans" (press release), December 15, 2003, http://web.archive.org/web/20051215153319/http://corporate.traffic.com/press/december_15_2003.html

242 In the case of the Illinois Tollway: "DMS" stands for "dynamic message signs," the large lit signs along roadways that provide information about road closures, "Amber alerts" or, in this case, travel times.

242 The Metropolitan Transportation Commission: More background on 511 online at: http://ops.fhwa.dot.gov/511/about511/history.htm

242 "With respect to traffic data: "Publication of Interim Guidance on the Information Sharing Specifications and Data Exchange Formats for the Real-Time System Management Information Program," Feb. 12, 2008, http://www.regulations.gov/fdmspublic/ContentViewer?objectId=09000064803acab0&disposition=attachment&contentType=msw8

243 * Similar limitations in the Atlanta: "Sensors and insensibility: state is asked to pay for traffic info taxpayers already funded," Atlanta Journal-Constitution, Aug. 29, 2007, http://www.itsonline.com/trfc/articles/sensors_and_insensibility_ajc.pdf

244 Here are brief descriptions of both: More detail about these and other DHS components is available online at: http://www.dhs.gov/xabout/structure/#1

244 "His tenure was particularly focused: Jackson’s bio is online at:http://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/government/m_jackson-bio.html

244 On September 10, 2002, Traffic.com’s President: Intelligent Transportation Systems Hearing No. 107-94 before the Subcommittee on Highways and Transportation of U.S. House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure, Sept. 10, 2002

245 The very next day, Traffic.com: Press release located online at: http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0EIN/is_2002_Sept_11/ai_91323176

246 In making the announcement in the East: "Gov. Ridge Sworn-In to Lead Homeland Security" (press release), October 8, 2001, http://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/news/releases/2001/10/20011008-3.html

246 Later, on January 24, 2003, Mr. Ridge: "Ridge Sworn in as Secretary of Homeland Security" (press release), January 24, 2003, http://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/news/releases/2003/01/20030124-5.html

246 In an article in The American Prospect: "Security for Sale: The Department of Homeland Security has a section on its Web site labeled ‘Open for Business.’ It certainly is." The American Prospect, Dec. 18, 2005, http://www.prospect.org/cs/articles?articleId=10750

247 On March 6, 2001, less than two: Copy of the lobbying registration filed with the U.S. Senate available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/trfc_lobbyists/holman_2001.pdf

248 In late 2000, Traffic.com had been successful: FY01 Transportation Appropriations Act available online at: http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=106_cong_public_laws&docid=f:publ346.106

248 However, while the company understandably: Letter available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/trfc/letters/fhwa_letter_feb20_01.pdf

248 Working with Pennsylvania Senator Arlen: Search for "5117" in this online document: http://www.asm.org/ASM/files/LEFTMARGINHEADERLIST/DOWNLOADFILENAME/0000000568/HR3338127%5B1%5D.pdf

248 In early 2002, USDOT Secretary Norman Mineta: Mineta’s letter to Cong. Don Young available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/trfc/letters/mineta_feb5_02.pdf

248 In early 2002, USDOT Secretary Norman Mineta: Task Order available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/trfc/contracts_agreements/Procurement_Request.pdf

249 On October 29, 2001, despite: Announcement available online at: http://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/news/releases/2001/10/20011029-6.html

249 Walking back through the omnipresent: Available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/trfc_lobbyists/blank_rome_2003_registration.pdf

249 The 2003 year-end lobbying: Available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/trfc_lobbyists/blank_rome_2003_year_end.pdf

249 Additional lobbyist disclosures covering: Available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/trfc_lobbyists/blank_rome_2004_year_end.pdf

249 Additional lobbyist disclosures covering: Available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/trfc_lobbyists/blank_rome_2005_first_half.pdf

249 Blank Rome et al would file: Available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/trfc_lobbyists/blank_rome_2006_termination.pdf

249 (According to a June 2007 article: "‘Monopoly’ continues for Pa. company, says Hatch," The Hill, June 27, 2007, http://thehill.com/business--lobby/monopoly-continues-for-pa.-company-says-hatch-2007-06-26.html

249 On June 28, 2004, Hill Solutions LLC: Available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/trfc_lobbyists/hill_solns_2004_registration.pdf

250 A mid-year 2004 report: Available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/trfc_lobbyists/hill_solns_2004_first_half.pdf

250 A 2005 disclosure would show: Available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/trfc_lobbyists/hill_solns_2005_first_half.pdf

250 According to a news report in citybizlist: "Buchanan Ingersoll Announces Combination with Lobbying Firm Hill Solutions," citybizlist Philadelphia, October 12, 2005, http://philly.citybizlist.com/lstg/lstgDetail.aspx?id=2319

250 A Buchanan Ingersoll lobbyist disclosure: Available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/trfc_lobbyists/buchanan_regist_2005.pdf

250 Interestingly, Cong. Bud Shuster’s: "Buchanan Ingersoll, Klett Rooney plan to join forces July 1," Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, June 14, 2006, http://www.post-gazette.com/pg/06165/697960-28.stm

250 Lobbyist disclosures show that Shuster: Available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/trfc_lobbyists/klett_2004_regist.pdf

250 Lobbyist disclosures show that Shuster: "Traffic.com claim to $50 million ITS earmark raises questions," Inside ITS newsletter, Jan. 15, 2001, http://www.itsonline.com/trfc/articles/insideITS_jan15_01.doc

251 In 2007—less than a year: "Norman Mineta, Former U.S. Secretary of Transportation and Former U.S. Secretary of Commerce, Joins AECOM Board of Directors" (AECOM Press Release), June 11, 2007, http://pr.aecom.com/phoenix.zhtml?c=211994&p=irol-newsArticle&ID=1013591&highlight=

251 On January 9, 2006, President George Bush: "Buchanan Lawyer Leaves for Key Homeland Security Position," The Legal Intelligencer, January 4, 2006, http://www.law.com/jsp/article.jsp?id=1136282710611

251 On January 9, 2006, President George Bush: Tomarchio’s biography available online at: http://www.atsva.com/about-us/board-of-directors/jack-tomarchio.cfm

252 In that role, among other tasks: "Tomarchio Takes Homeland Security Post," Pittsburgh Business Times, January 3, 2006, http://www.bizjournals.com/pittsburgh/stories/2006/01/02/daily4.html

252 This position would be formally described: http://www.atsva.com/about-us/board-of-directors/jack-tomarchio.cfm

252 An October 2007 report by the U.S. General: "Homeland Security: Federal Efforts Are Helping to Alleviate Some Challenges Encountered by State and Local Information Fusion Centers," October 2007, http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d0835.pdf

255 So on August 24, 2007, Scott: Letter available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/pogo_dhs_comm/pogo_dhs_foia_aug24_07.doc

256 POGO received two such acknowledgements: Available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/pogo_dhs_comm/dhs_foia_ack1.pdf and here: http://www.itsonline.com/pogo_dhs_comm/dhs_foia_ack2.pdf

256 His message included a link to an article: "Lawmaker seeks more detail on DHS deputy secretary resignation," Federal Times, Oct. 2, 2007, http://federaltimes.com/index.php?S=3079658

257 On June 26, 2008 in a letter: Letter available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/pogo_dhs_comm/dhs_foia_response_jun26_08.pdf

257 It wasn’t at all clear that: A search of DHS email archives would be fruitful only if Jackson and Tomarchio had communicated with Traffic.com or its lobbyists using their own departmental email accounts. Others in the Administration had gotten into trouble with ethics watchdog groups by using non-governmental email accounts to bypass normal governmental scrutiny. See "Inside the Bush E-mail Scandal" in the April 13, 2007 issue of Time Magazine at: http://www.time.com/time/nation/article/0,8599,1610414,00.html

257 Some time between May 27, 2008: Interview online at: http://homelandsecurity.tamu.edu/outreach/ichs-weekly-radio-programs/homeland-security-inside-and-out/audio-matrix/federal-other-federal-departments

257 Some time between May 27, 2008: "ATS Corporation Appoints Jack Tomarchio to Board of Directors," BusinessWire (via Reuters), August 18, 2008, http://www.reuters.com/article/pressRelease/idUS195603+18-Aug-2008+BW20080818

257 Shortly before, on April 17, 2008, Tomarchio: Testimony available online at: http://www.dhs.gov/xnews/testimony/testimony_1208459749044.shtm

258 "Surely any letters between these officials: FOIA appeal letter available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/pogo_dhs_comm/FOIA_Traffic_Appeal.doc

Chapter 20

259 On July 17, 1997, as legislators: A copy of this letter is available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/trfc/letters/jul_17_97_borski_to_shuster.pdf

260 The January 15, 2001 story in Inside ITS: Available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/trfc/articles/insideITS_jan15_01.doc

261 On January 17, 2001, Shuster’s Chief: A copy of this letter is available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/trfc/letters/jan_17_01_wilson_slater.pdf

262 "After a thorough review, we have concluded: A copy of that letter is available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/trfc/letters/fhwa_letter_feb20_01.pdf

262 (Wilson would later go through: More information online at: http://www.nscorp.com/nscportal/nscorp/Community/Government%20Relations/contacts.html?leaf=Government%20Relations%20Contacts

263 On June 6, 2007, the New York Times: "Campaign Funds for Alaskan; Road Aid to Florida," New York Times, June 7, 2007, http://www.nytimes.com/2007/06/07/washington/07earmark.html

264 In mid April 2008, the U.S. Senate: "Justice asked to probe Young earmark," Anchorage Daily News, April 18, 2007, http://www.adn.com/news/politics/fbi/young/story/379679.html

264 On March 26, 2001, Young would write: A copy of that letter is available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/trfc/letters/mar_26_01_young_to_mineta.pdf

266 On April 19, 2001, Traffic.com President: Borski’s contribution shown at: http://www.campaignmoney.com/political/contributions/david-jannetta.asp?cycle=02

266 On the very next day, Cong.: Copy of letter available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/trfc/letters/apr_20_01_borski_to_mineta.pdf

267 The sole "Specific lobbying issue: Copy of the lobbying registration filed with the U.S. Senate available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/trfc_lobbyists/holman_2001.pdf

267 On March 6, James H. Burnley: Mr. Burnley’s lobbying disclosure available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/trfc_lobbyists/winston_strawn_2001_registration.pdf

267 Burnley, who had served as Secretary: Mr. Burnley’s biography with Venable LLP, his employer after Winston & Strawn, is online at: http://www.venable.com/professionals.cfm?action=view&attorney_id=418

267 The 2001 first half report: Disclosure available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/trfc_lobbyists/winston_strawn_2001_first_half.pdf

268 * The company’s work for Traffic.com: Disclosure available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/trfc_lobbyists/winston_strawn_2001_second_half.pdf

268 My search of the Federal Election Committee: FEC Advanced Search form available online at: http://www.fec.gov/finance/disclosure/advindsea.shtml

268 According to a business entity search: Search available online at: http://www.corporations.state.pa.us/corp/soskb/Corp.asp?1846167

268 Also on September 13, 2001, Brian: More info online at: http://www.campaignmoney.com/political/contributions/brian-malewicz.asp?cycle=02

269 That amendment was agreed to: A copy of the web page from the Library of Congress’ "Thomas.gov" online resource shows this detail – see: http://www.itsonline.com/ttid/specter_amendment_from_thomas.pdf

270 On January 10, 2002, President George: "Bush Signs Defense Bill Into Law During Pentagon Ceremony," DefenseLink (U.S. Dept. of Defense), Jan. 10, 2002, http://www.defenselink.mil/news/newsarticle.aspx?id=43865

270 Section 1101 of that bill: Excerpted online at: http://www.itsonline.com/ttid/sec3338_related_agcy_as_signed.pdf

271 On February 5, 2002, Transportation Secretary: Copy of letter available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/trfc/letters/mineta_feb5_02.pdf

271 The next day he sent nearly: Copy of letter available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/trfc/letters/feb_6_02_mineta_to_borski.pdf

271 On June 20, 2002, shortly after: Task order available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/trfc/contracts_agreements/Procurement_Request.pdf

272 Over the next almost three years: Links to all of these agreements are available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/ttid/ttid_agreements.html

273 The lead story in the April 20, 2005: "Monopoly Money for Pa. Company," The Hill, April 20, 2005, http://www.itsonline.com/trfc/articles/monopoly_money_apr20_05.pdf

274 At one point Cong. Weiner led: Copy of that letter available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/trfc/letters/weiner_letter_jun20_05.pdf

274 On that same day, Hatch’s office issued: Press release available on Sen. Hatch’s website online at: http://hatch.senate.gov/public/index.cfm?FuseAction=PressReleases.Detail&PressRelease_id=9e462118-bfaa-428b-952a-d6512ea9f9c7&Month=7&Year=2005

275 On that same day, Cong. Anthony: Available on the House website online at: http://www.house.gov/list/press/ny09_weiner/052907traffic.html

275 On the very same day they were heralding: Speech of Hon. Don Young of Alaska in the House of Representatives, Congressional Record – Extension of Remarks, July 29, 2005, http://www.itsonline.com/trfc/donyoung_jul29_05.pdf

Chapter 21

280 From the publication’s self-description: http://www.ukipme.com/downloads/pdfs/trafficmedia.pdf

281 In the 1997-1998 timeframe: "Trouble at Trade Group: Intelli-moniker & firing create tensions," Tollroads Newsletter, June 1997, http://www.tollroadsnews.com/node/1880

281 In the 1997-1998 timeframe: "ITS America: Association Head Sued," Tollroads Newsletter, July 1997, http://www.tollroadsnews.com/node/2985

281 In a piece called "Snakeoil Sales: Available online at: http://www.tollroadsnews.com/node/2086

282 In a short piece called "Too Many Buds": Available online at: http://www.tollroadsnews.com/node/2279

282 "We thought at first it just: "IRF" stands for "International Road Federation," and Cong. Bud Shuster shows up as the 1999 "IRF Man of the Year" at: http://irfnews.pmhclients.com/awards/moy-recipients

282 In a piece called "No Justice": Available online at: http://www.tollroadsnews.com/node/2925

283 On November 8 I sent a draft: "The U.S. TTID Program: When Politics, Competition, and the Public Interest Collide" (white paper), available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/ttid/ttid_whitepaper.pdf

284 On November 30, 2007, "Traffic.com or Traffic.con": Archived version of that news piece available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/tti/traffictechnologytoday_blog_nov30_07.pdf

284 Prompted by the appearance of: Not his real first name, which I have changed to protect his identity. More detail about this conversation with George is provided in Chapter 14.

287 The USDOT IG’s announcement: Announcement available online at: http://www.oig.dot.gov/StreamFile?file=/data/pdfdocs/TTID.pdf

288 On February 4 a replacement: Available online at: http://www.traffictechnologytoday.com/news.php?NewsID=3313

288 Two days later Nick would email: Preliminary layout vailable online at: http://www.itsonline.com/tti/tti_article_layout.pdf

290 He immediately FAXed it to me: A copy of that FAX is available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/tti/trfc_tti_apr8_08.pdf

293 * "Their contention that the local match: "How the USDOT’s Waiving of the Local Agency Match for the ITIP/TTID Program Further Enabled Traffic.com’s Monopoly" (white paper), January 18, 2008, http://www.itsonline.com/ttid/itip_local_match_analysis_v1c.doc

294 Both had been suggested in: "Mobility Technologies Launches ‘Digital Traffic Pulse’ Network in Philadelphia" (press release), June 7, 2001, http://web.archive.org/web/20051215154213/http://corporate.traffic.com/press/june7_2001.html

296 In late September 2008 the fall issue: "The ‘Smart Road’ Scam," Regulation, Fall 2008, http://www.cato.org/pubs/regulation/regv31n3/v31n3-noted.pdf#page=1

Chapter 22

298 In early February, 2008, my long-time friend: Not his real name, which was changed to protect his identity (see Chapter 14)

299 The tail end of the newsletter: Newsletter available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/ttid/emails/quirarte_email_feb4_08v1.doc

300 Just three minutes later: The recall message is online at: http://www.itsonline.com/ttid/emails/quirarte_email_feb4_08v1.doc

301 Under only a very restrictive set: Recalling a message in Outlook only works if the recipients are on the same Microsoft Exchange server as the sender (see http://www.archivum.info/microsoft.public.exchange.misc/2006-04/msg00188.html). Therefore, if Ms. Quirarte’s attempt to recall this message worked at all, it would have recalled it only within ITS America’s offices.

301 Prior to joining NAVTEQ in 1995: "Harry Voccola Biography" associated with an August 11-15, 2008 seminar from Management Briefing Seminars, http://mbs.cargroup.org/2008/content/view/151/

302 Voccola served on the ITS America: List of 1995 ITSA Board Members is shown here: http://ntl.bts.gov/lib/jpodocs/edldocs1/1070/mmbrs.pdf

302 During nearly the entire period: See page 11 of Mr. Mineta’s CY2000 Public Financial Disclosure Report, available online at: http://pfds.opensecrets.org/N00001701_2000_2.pdf

302 When ITS America’s first President: See "ITS America’s President to Depart" in the January/February 1998 issue of Pubic Roads, http://www.tfhrc.gov/pubrds/janpr/along.htm

302 Voccola also served on the Board: According to ITS America’s 2002 Annual Report, available online at: http://www.itsa.org/itsa/files/pdf/ITSA%202002%20Annual%20Report.pdf

302 Voccola also served on the Board: According to ITS America’s 2003 Annual Report, available online at: http://www.itsa.org/itsa/files/pdf/ITSA%202003%20Annual%20Report.pdf

302 Denaro, a long-time executive: "Navigation Technologies Welcomes New Vice President, General Manager of North America Business Solutions Unit," October 1, 2002, http://www.directionsmag.com/press.releases/index.php?duty=Show&id=5675

304 * I provided a link: http://www.itsonline.com/ttid/ttid_whitepaper.pdf

305 A little over a month later: "Selective Press (and Blog) Reports about the TTID Program/Traffic.com Monopoly, in Reverse Chronological Order" (white paper), http://www.itsonline.com/ttid/ttid_press_coverage.pdf

Chapter 23

306 Deep Throat to Washington Post: http://www.dailyscript.com/scripts/all_the_presidents_men.html

306 Senator Richard Shelby: Sen Shelby’s interview by CNN anchor Paula Zahn on Nov. 25, 2002, http://edition.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0211/25/lt.03.html

310 Filing a Form S-1 Registration Statement: Available online at: http://www.sec.gov/Archives/edgar/data/1097503/000104746905022277/a2162262zs-1.htm

310 Traffic.com went public: "Traffic.com’s IPO hits the gas," MarketWatch.com, January 25, 2006, http://www.marketwatch.com/news/story/trafficcom-ipo-rises-debut/story.aspx?guid=%7BE217B3B5-1497-49AA-A9F4-15C1EF935D15%7D

310 Traffic.com went public: "Traffic.com Announces Pricing of Initial Public Offering" (company press release), January 25, 2006, http://web.archive.org/web/20070721193912/http://corporate.traffic.com/news/press_releases/Release_PricingIPO.htm

310 A final prospectus for the IPO: Prospectus available online at: http://www.secinfo.com/dVut2.vqp.htm

315 A search on the PA Secy. Of State’s: Actual display on the Pennsylvania Secretary of State’s website available at: http://www.corporations.state.pa.us/corp/soskb/SearchResults.asp?FormName=CorpNameSearch&Words=Starting&SearchStr=Convergence+Capital

316 Chartered in the Cayman Islands: See page 7 of this document: http://google.brand.edgar-online.com/EFX_dll/EDGARpro.dll?FetchFilingHTML1?SessionID=YM_Mj2bI2E4Zd2B&ID=4953874

318 Exhibit 10.2 associated with Traffic.com’s: Available online at: http://www.secinfo.com/dVut2.zWXa.h.htm

319 While the average exercise price: Many of these early warrants were actually granted at a penny per share, but a one-for-three reverse stock split just prior to Traffic.com’s IPO reduced the number of shares granted by one-third, and increased the exercise price by three times.

Chapter 24

321 That close connection first became: Available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/ttid/jannetta_testimony_sep10_02.pdf

322 This, of course, was very early: See this white paper: http://www.itsonline.com/ttid/datalock_scheme.pdf

322 Former Altoona, PA mayor Jannetta: The company was originally called Argus Networks, Inc. but has operated under several different names over the years. In 1999 it officially changed Traffic.com, but shortly later did business as Mobility Technologies. Later, it changed its name back to Traffic.com. All of these changes make tracking the company’s political donations and lobbyist connections challenging, to say the least.

323 He seemed eager to build: Available online at: http://www.city-data.com/elec2/98/elec-MECHANICSBURG-PA-98.html

323 Schaul’s special connection: Available from the I95 Corridor Coalition’s website at: http://www.i95coalition.org/PDF/Meetings/CIM/CIM-DV-02-01-01-addendum.htm

325 Schaul was clearly using: Background on TEA-21 online at: http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/tea21/

326 In that role, he was responsible: From David Jannetta’s bio at: http://alpnetworks.com/gln_c_mgmnt.html#DJ

326 Allowed the company to repay: Available online at: http://www.wrhambrecht.com/ind/auctions/openipo/trfc/trfc20060125.pdf

327 Oversight for the NEBF is provided: Board members shown online at: http://www.nebf.com/nebf/about/overview/benefitboard.aspx

327 In May 1999 the project’s monthly Union: Available online at: http://www.nlpc.org/olap/UCU/02_11.htm

327 Both officials later agreed to pay: Summarized online at: http://www.nlpc.org/olap/UCU2/04_21.htm

328 After all, he was the lead person: Copies of these agreements are available through links in this white paper: http://www.itsonline.com/ttid/ttid_agreements.html

329 According to the company’s Prospectus, NEBF: On page 89 of the Prospectus located online at: http://www.wrhambrecht.com/ind/auctions/openipo/trfc/trfc20060125.pdf

329 While this award was converted: On page 93 of the Prospectus described above.

330 In perusing the EBSA’s website: http://www.dol.gov/ebsa/

330 I immediately emailed him: White paper vailable online at: http://www.itsonline.com/ttid/NEBF_connections_feb16_07.doc

331 In creating that brand new white paper: Bottom of page 91 of this document: http://www.wrhambrecht.com/ind/auctions/openipo/trfc/trfc20060125.pdf

334 It turned out that the companies Bill: Columbia Partners’ website online at: http://www.columbiaptrs.com/main.php

334 It turned out that the companies Bill: All three companies are listed on Columbia Partners’ web page entitled "Private Capital Management Portfolio Companies" at: http://www.columbiaptrs.com/privatecapital/portfolio.php

335 * I also provided links to news: "‘Monopoly’ continues for Pa. company," says Hatch, The Hill, June 26, 2007, http://thehill.com/business--lobby/monopoly-continues-for-pa.-company-says-hatch-2007-06-26.html

335 I also provided links to news: "Senator pans federal contract for traffic information site," National Journal’s Technology Daily, July 23, 2007, http://www.itsonline.com/trfc/articles/senator_pans_federal_contract_prtver.pdf

335 I also provided links to news: Blog postings available online at: http://realtime.sunlightprojects.org/2007/07/09/sf-lll-update-not-for-public-inspection/ and here: http://realtime.sunlightprojects.org/2007/07/09/fhwa-discouraging-foia-requests-from-potential-contractors/

335 In an email message in mid-November: "The U.S. TTID Program: When Politics, Competition, and the Public Interest Collide" (white paper), http://www.itsonline.com/ttid/ttid_whitepaper.pdf

337 On November 3, 2003, Jeff Radjewski: Copy of letter online at: http://www.itsonline.com/ttid_letters/ibew_to_mdot_nov3_03.pdf

338 MDOT’s response nine days later by Tony: Copy of letter online at: http://www.itsonline.com/ttid_letters/mdot_to_ibew_nov12_03.pdf

339 Nine months later, on August 4, 2004: Available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/ttid/Detroit%20ITIP%20080404.pdf

Chapter 25

341 Dan Rather may have ultimately taken: "Panel Finds CBS News Rushed Report on Bush’s Guard Record," New York Times, Jan. 10, 2005, http://www.nytimes.com/2005/01/10/business/media/10cnd-cbs.html?sq="dan%20rather"%20"mary%20mapes"&st=cse&adxnnl=1&scp=14&adxnnlx=1229713422-BN+KEsgDknAodp2Di+W8tw

344 In February 2008, Andrea Koppel: Ms. Koppel’s position is described at: http://www.mrss.com/senior-staff.html

344 When I learned of her transition: As defined in Wikipedia at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Advocacy_journalism

344 When I learned of her transition: As defined in Wikipedia at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Investigative_Journalism

345 The next morning, June 27: Drew Griffin’s bio is online at: http://edition.cnn.com/CNN/anchors_reporters/griffin.drew.html

346 That producer would turn out to be: See 2006 Emmy Awards online at: http://www.emmyonline.org/mediacenter/news_28th_winners_data_list.html

347 The three Americans were expected: Griffin was expected to report on this development live for AC360 later that night, and was earlier interviewed about these developments on Larry King’s show. A transcript of those comments is available here: http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0807/02/lkl.01.html

348 It turns out that for years he: See "Pelosi’s House Brushes Off CNN’s Questions on Earmarks," NewsBusters, June 20, 2007, http://newsbusters.org/node/13603

350 Such coverage is often referred to: Explanation of "B-roll" from Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/B-roll

352 The next day, Dave Fitzpatrick emailed me: http://www.opensecrets.org

352 On July 23, I sent Dave Fitzpatrick: Letter available online here: http://www.pogo.org/pogo-files/letters/contract-oversight/co-cfc-20080724.html

353 In a nutshell, here are CNN’s questions: The full set of questions and responses I sent to Dave Fitzpatrick is online at: http://www.itsonline.com/ttid/cnn_feedback_jul28_08.doc

357 So I wanted to let him know: "The ‘Smart Road’ Scam," Regulation, Fall 2008, http://www.cato.org/pubs/regulation/regv31n3/v31n3-noted.pdf#page=1

358 The op-ed piece the previous fall: "Sensors and insensibility: State is asked to pay for traffic info that taxpayers already funded," Atlanta Journal-Constitution, August 29, 2007, http://www.itsonline.com/trfc/articles/sensors_and_insensibility_ajc.pdf

358 In early September, Drew Griffin would fly: "Trouper in Palin Probe Tells His Side," CNN, Sept. 5, 2008, http://edition.cnn.com/2008/POLITICS/09/05/palin.trooper/index.html

358 A few weeks later Griffin would score: Excerpts from Palin Interview with CNN, CNN, Oct. 21, 2008, http://edition.cnn.com/2008/POLITICS/10/21/palin.sitroom.transcript/index.html

358 He reported stories related to the group ACORN’s: "Catholic Church Cuts Off Acorn Funding," CNN, Nov. 16, 2008, http://edition.cnn.com/2008/POLITICS/11/13/acorn.catholics/index.html

358 He reported stories related to the group ACORN’s: Citing bailout, union wants to organize bank workers, CNN, Dec. 8, 2008, http://edition.cnn.com/2008/POLITICS/11/13/acorn.catholics/index.html

358 He reported stories related to the group ACORN’s: Credit card holders livid about "rate-jacking", CNN, Dec. 18, 2008, http://www.cnn.com/2008/US/12/17/credit.card.rates/index.html

358 From a search of CNN’s website: "Wall Street: Fall of the fat cats," CNN, Oct. 17, 2008, http://edition.cnn.com/2008/US/10/17/siu.wall.street/index.html

358 From a search of CNN’s website: "Whistleblower: Oil watchdog agency ‘cult of corruption,’" CNN, Oct. 14, 2008, http://www.cnn.com/2008/US/10/14/oil.whistleblower/index.html

359 Although I had never heard of Bob: Bio available on Richter Media’s website at: http://www.richtermedia.com/profile/bios/bob

Chapter 26

362 To prospective state and local: The TTID program was originally called the Intelligent Transportation Infrastructure Program (ITIP). For convenience, it will be referred to as the TTID program throughout this chapter.

363 As if to underscore how much: Excerpted from the Detroit agreement, which is available online here: http://www.itsonline.com/ttid/Detroit%20ITIP%20080404.pdf

363 Here are the very specific requirements: Search for "5117" on this web page: http://www.asm.org/ASM/files/LEFTMARGINHEADERLIST/DOWNLOADFILENAME/0000000568/HR3338127%5b1%5d.pdf

364 After the Federal Highway Administration’s Deputy: Copy of letter from FHWA Deputy Executive Director Vincent Schimmoller to Darrell Wilson, Cong. Bud Shuster’s Chief of Staff, is available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/trfc/letters/fhwa_letter_feb20_01.pdf

364 They devised a clever legislative trick: Much more about the legislative history of the TTID program is in the white paper "The U.S. TTID Program: When Politics, Competition, and the Public Interest Collide," available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/ttid/ttid_whitepaper.pdf

364 Language in the unrelated FY02 Defense: See Mr. Mineta’s letter to Cong. Don Young, then Chairman of the House Transportation & Infrastructure Committee, here: http://www.itsonline.com/trfc/letters/mineta_feb5_02.pdf

365 Those agreements typically spelled out: Available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/ttid/ttid_agreements.html

365 But I had an excellent clue: This press release is no longer available from Traffic.com’s own website, but was captured from the web archive ("Wayback machine") and can be seen online at: http://web.archive.org/web/20051215154213/http://corporate.traffic.com/press/june7_2001.html

366 That June 2002 task order: Available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/ttid/Procurement%20Request.pdf

367 The August 2004 agreement: Detroit agreement available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/ttid/Detroit%20ITIP%20080404.pdf

368 Meanwhile, I had been urging Lance: The IG’s audit announcement is online at: http://www.oig.dot.gov/StreamFile?file=/data/pdfdocs/TTID.pdf

368 Chu sent a copy of the 71-page ITOP: Available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/ttid/ITOP%20contract%20DTTS59-99-D-00445.DOC

369 Task order No. T990021: Available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/ttid/itip_orig_task_order.pdf

370 The details of the revenue-sharing arrangement: Available online at: http://www.itsonline.com/ttid/itip_penndot_agreement.pdf

Chapter 27

377 (Ray Lustig/Washington Post): Photo comes from the article "House Panel Approves Highway Bill," Washington Post, March 25, 1998, http://www.washingtonpost.org/wp-srv/politics/special/highway/stories/hwy032598.htm

378 An article in the March 9, 2002: CONGRESS: "The Glare in Don Young’s Rearview Mirror," National Journal, March 9, 2002, http://lobby.la.psu.edu/_107th/125_SMART_Growth/News_Stories/National_Journal_03092002.htm

379 "There are no Democratic or Republican highways: "THE 43rd PRESIDENT: THE CHOICES -- Man in the News/Norman Yoshio Mineta; A Clinton Holdover, a Reagan Veteran and a Departing Senator," New York Times, Jan. 3, 2001, http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9B04E1DD103BF930A35752C0A9679C8B63&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=all

380 On that day, the House Ethics Committee: That committee is officially called the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct

381 Cong. Oberstar became Chairman: "House Democrats Pick Oberstar to Chair T&I Committee in 110th Congress" (Cong. Oberstar Press Release), Dec. 7, 2006, http://www.oberstar.house.gov/index.asp?Type=B_PR&SEC={15B8640F-6770-48F9-8095-8EA6BEEC7471}&DE={32AA36DB-E617-49DB-AC32-CB8F20B0FC85}

382 Quoting from the lead story in: "Traffic.com claim to $50 million ITS earmark raises questions," Inside ITS, January 15, 2001, http://www.i95coalition.org/PDF/Meetings/CIM/CIM-DV-02-01-01-addendum.htm

382 As if to underscore the strength: More information is available from the Univ. of Minnesota’s website at: http://www.cts.umn.edu/Events/OberstarForum/2007/

383 "It was a privilege and pleasure: Cong. Oberstar’s speech is available on C-SPAN’s website at: http://www.c-spanarchives.org/library/index.php?main_page=product_video_info&products_id=201396-2&highlight=Oberstar

383 Quoting from a Washington Post news piece: "House Panel Approves Highway Bill," Washington Post, March 25, 1998, http://www.washingtonpost.org/wp-srv/politics/special/highway/stories/hwy032598.htm

383 On January 22, 2009, retired Illinois: "Senate Confirms 2 More in Cabinet," Washington Post, January 23, 2009, http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/01/22/AR2009012203883.html

Epilogue

385 As I was putting the final touches: "House Kills Effort to Investigate Lobbyist-Lawmaker Ties," Foxnews.com, http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2009/02/25/house-kills-effort-investigate-lobbyist-lawmaker-ties/